The European Commission has submitted to member states a new draft of sanctions against Russia, including an oil embargo. Some member states that rely heavily on Russian energy sought exemptions.
Western media reported that the European Commission draft of the sixth round of sanctions against Russia includes within six to eight months gradually banning oil imports from Russia, but allowing Hungary and Slovakia to extend the transition period for several months; The Russian Savings bank and other large financial institutions on the sanctions list.
The European Union has imported 44 billion euros of fossil fuels from Russia since Russia launched its special military operation against Ukraine in late February, according to Finland's Energy and Clean Air Research Center.
The Institute for European and Global Economics in Brussels estimates that the European Union currently consumes about $450 million worth of Russian oil a day.
Among EU members, landlocked Hungary and Slovakia, which import most of their oil from Russia, cannot quickly find alternative supplies. Slovakia says the transition will take years. Some officials believe Bulgaria and the Czech Republic may also seek to opt out of oil sanctions against Russia.
Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk Zinc Sulfide, Zinc Sulfide Overview, Zinc Sulfide Applications, Zinc Sulfide Suppliers, Zinc Sulfide Price are still very uncertain.
Overview of Zinc Sulfide ZnS
Zinc sulfide is a white to off-white or light yellow powder, which becomes darker when exposed to light, stable in dry air, and gradually oxidized to zinc sulfate when stored for a long time in humid air or containing water. Soluble in dilute inorganic acid, soluble in alkali, insoluble in water. Relative density 3.98 (alpha type), (d25) 4.102 (beta type). irritating.
ZnS exists in two main crystal types, and this duality is often a prominent example of polymorphism. In each form, the coordination geometry of Zn and S is tetrahedral. The more stable cubic form is also known as sphalerite. The hexagonal form is known as the mineral wurtzite, although it can also be produced synthetically. The transformation from sphalerite to wurtzite occurs at approximately 1020°C. Sifang is also known as a very rare mineral called Lithium Manganese Ore with the molecular formula (Zn,Hg)S.
Physical and chemical properties of zinc sulfide ZnS powder
The chemical bond between Zn and S of zinc sulfide tends to be a covalent bond. The crystal has three different configurations: low temperature type, that is, sphalerite structure, abundant in nature, colorless cubic crystal, Zn, S coordination number is 4, relative density is 4.10. 1020 ℃ High temperature type; high temperature type, namely wurtzite structure, colorless hexagonal crystal, Zn, S coordination number of 4, relative density 3.98, melting point about 1700 ℃. High temperature stable structure of zinc sulfide; high pressure type, namely chloride In the sodium structure, the coordination number of Zn and S is 6, and the relative density is 5.21. There is also a water-based compound, ZnS·H2O, which is a white powder with a relative density of 3.98 and a melting point of 1049 °C. Zinc sulfide is insoluble in water and dilute alkali, insoluble in acetic acid, but soluble in low-concentration strong acids such as hydrochloric acid, releasing hydrogen sulfide. The solubility product of zinc sulfide is similar to the K1·K2 value of hydrosulfuric acid, so the following equilibrium exists in dilute acid:
It can be seen that in the strong acid zinc salt solution, the hydrogen sulfide gas cannot obtain zinc sulfide precipitation. Passing hydrogen sulfide gas into the zinc salt solution can get zinc sulfide precipitation, but the precipitation is not complete. Using ammonium sulfide solution as precipitating agent, the zinc ions in the zinc salt solution can be completely precipitated into zinc sulfide. Since the ammonium sulfide solution is alkaline, the acidity of the system can be reduced. In industry, the above method should be used to isolate the air. White zinc sulfide darkens when exposed to light, and is easily oxidized to zinc sulfate in the air. Zinc sulfide can be used alone as a white paint pigment or in combination with zinc oxide. Pure zinc sulfide does not emit light. If a trace amount of manganese, copper, and silver are added to the zinc sulfide crystal as an activator, it can emit different colors of fluorescence after being illuminated, called phosphor powder, which is used to make fluorescent screens and luminous paints. Zinc sulfide is also used in leather, enamel, rubber, dye and other industries.
Zinc sulfide is corrosive and toxic. It can irritate the skin. Operators should wear work clothes and protective equipment. The workshop should be well ventilated.
Application of zinc sulfide ZnS
Zinc sulfide is often made from scrap and used for other purposes. Typical sources include smelters, slags and pickling liquors. It is also a by-product of ammonia synthesis from methane, where zinc oxide is used to remove hydrogen sulfide impurities from natural gas.
High-purity crystalline zinc sulfide powder is an important basic material, which is widely used in civil, military, aerospace and other high-tech fields. It is also an extremely important window material for medium and long-wave far-infrared precision guidance and far-infrared imaging, especially in frontier technology fields such as national defense and military. The applications of zinc sulfide are as follows: Luminescent material.
Zinc sulfide, with a small amount of a suitable activator, is highly phosphorescent and is currently used in a variety of applications from cathode ray tubes to X-ray screens to glow in dark products. When silver is used as the activator, the resulting color is bright blue with a maximum wavelength of 450 nm. The use of manganese produces a red-orange color around 590 nm. Copper glows for a long time and has the deep green glow we are familiar with. Copper-doped zinc sulfide ("ZnS+Cu") is also used in electroluminescent panels. It also exhibits phosphorescence due to impurities in blue or ultraviolet light.
Zinc sulfide ZnS price
The price of zinc sulfide and zinc sulfide products will vary randomly due to factors such as production costs, transportation costs, international conditions, exchange rates, and market supply and demand of zinc sulfide and zinc sulfide products. Tanki New Materials Co., Ltd. aims to help industries and chemical wholesalers find high-quality, low-cost nanomaterials and chemicals by providing a full range of customized services. If you are looking for Zinc Sulfide ZnS products, please feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest Zinc Sulfide ZnS product prices.
Suppliers of Zinc Sulfide ZnS
As a global supplier of zinc sulfide ZnS products, Tanki New Materials Co., Ltd. has extensive experience in the performance, application and cost-effective manufacturing of advanced engineering materials. The company has successfully developed a series of powder materials (molybdenum disulfide, tungsten sulfide, bismuth sulfide, etc.) high-purity targets, functional ceramics and structural devices, and provides OEM services.
|Technical Parameter of Zinc Sulfide ZnS Powder :|
|Particle size||ZnS||Water||Fe,mg/kg||Cu,mg/kg||Pb, mg/kg||Ni, mg/kg||Cd,mg/kg||Mn, mg/kg||PH|
|Zinc Sulfide Properties|
|Other Names||ZnS powder, zinc sulphide, zinc sulfide phosphor|
|Appearance||White to off-white Powder|
|Melting Point||1830 °C|
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
|Specific Heat||520 J/kg-K|
|Thermal Conductivity||27 W/m-K|
|Thermal Expansion||6.5 µm/m-K|
|Young's Modulus||75 GPa|
|Zinc Sulfide Health & Safety Information|
|Transport Information||NONH for all modes of transport|
Southern Copper Corp (SCCO.N) recently said its Peruvian mine remained closed after a six-week standoff with protesters and blamed the Peruvian government for failing to intervene in the safety of its 1,300 workers and their families.
The company said in a statement that a recent agreement to end protests at the Cuajone mine required the company to withdraw complaints against protest leaders because railways transporting minerals and supplies remained blocked. Production has been suspended since the end of February.
Peru's Energy Ministry said in a separate statement that it had also reached an agreement with Southern Copper to start talks to find common ground with local communities.
"If we shut down for a year, the government will stop receiving more than 3.1 billion soles ($830 million) in taxes and royalties, and 8,000 direct and indirect jobs will be lost. This is what we want to avoid, "Southern Copper added in the statement.
Peru has faced a wave of protests from indigenous communities, who accuse mining companies of not providing enough jobs and funding to poor local residents.
Central bank officials said last week that protests against copper mines such as MMG's Las Bambas and Southern Copper's Cuajone were dragging down the economy.
Peru is the world's second-largest copper producer and mining is an important source of tax revenue for the country. It is estimated that the supply and prices of the Zinc Sulfide, Zinc Sulfide Overview, Zinc Sulfide Applications, Zinc Sulfide Suppliers, Zinc Sulfide Price will be influenced by that.
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